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This is a beginner’s guide to solving Rubik’s Cubes step by step. This method is quite easy to understand compared to other methods, helping players not have to memorize many steps of Rubik rotation. Practicing the step-by-step method also prepares you to switch to the Fridrich quick solution, which will help you get results in under 20 seconds in competition. With enough patience and determination, you too can conquer Erno’s stubborn Rubik’s Cube. Good luck!
Steps
Learn the terms
- The center stone is located in the center of each face and is surrounded by 8 other stones. You can only see one side of this pellet and they never move.
- The corner cube is located in the corners of the Rubik’s cube. You can see three sides of this tablet.
- The edge piece is between the corner pieces. You can see two sides of each edge.
- Note — The types of pellets will never change. For example, the corner tablet is always in the corner position.
- F (Front, i.e. front) — Place the Rubik’s Cube at eye level. You are looking directly at the front.
- B (Back, i.e. behind) — Face directly facing you but you cannot see.
- U (Upper, i.e. above) — Face facing the ceiling
- D (Down, i.e. bottom) — Face facing the floor
- R (Right, i.e. right) — Face towards your right
- L (Left, i.e. left) — Face facing your left
- F’ : you rotate the front face counterclockwise.
- R : you rotate the right face clockwise. This means you have to turn your right face away from you. (To see why, turn the front face clockwise, then flip the Rubik’s cube so that the front turns right.)
- L : you turn the left face clockwise, that is, turn the left face towards you.
- U’ : you rotate the top face anti-clockwise, if viewed from the top, it is facing you.
- B : you rotate the back clockwise, if viewed from the back. Be careful not to get confused, because when viewed from the front, you are rotating counter-clockwise.
- With these instructions, you don’t need to specify whether it’s clockwise or counterclockwise, as you’ll get the same results no matter which direction you turn.
- BD = edge pellets appear on both back and underside.
- UFR = corner pellets appear on both the top, front and right sides.
- Note — if the instructions refer to a square (a single colored piece), the first letter tells you the Rubik’s face contains this square. For example:
- LFD square → Find the corner cube that appears on the left, front and bottom faces. Identify the square on the reverse side of this marble (since L is the first letter).
Solve the top
- This instruction is given on the assumption you already have a standard Rubik’s cube with the gold side facing the white side. If you have an old Rubik’s Cube, it will be difficult for you to follow this guide.
- Do not move the white center pellet off the top face. This is a common error in this step.
- If the bottom row of an R or L face has a white edge tile, rotate the face once to bring the white square to the middle row. Take the next step below.
- If there is a white edge tile in the middle row of the R or L face, rotate the face F or B, whichever is next to the white square. Keep rotating until the white square is on the bottom face. Take the next step below.
- If there is a white edge tile on the bottom face, rotate the bottom face until the white edge tile is directly opposite an empty (non-white) tile on the top face. Flip the whole Rubik’s cube so that the “empty edge” is in the UF (Top, Front Side) position. Rotate F2 (turn front 180º) to bring the white square into the UF position.
- Repeat the above steps with each of the other white edges until they are all on the top face.
- Rotate the U face until at least two of the four faces above have the same color side and center tiles. (If all four faces already have tiles of the same color, skip all the next steps.)
- Flip the whole Rubik’s cube so that one of the wrong side tiles is on the F face (and the white cross is still on the U face).
- Rotate F2 and make sure a white edge tile has been moved down to face D. See the remaining color of that marble (ie the color tile in position FD). In the example above, this cell is red.
- Rotate face D until the red edge cell is below the red center tile.
- Rotate red face 180º. The white edge will return to the U face.
- Check face D again to see if there is a new white edge cell. See the remaining color of the edge with that white square. As an example, this is green.
- Rotate face D until the green edge tile is directly below the green center tile.
- Rotate the green side 180º. The white cross will reappear on the U face. At this point, the F, R, B, and L faces all have the same color center and edge.
- Find a corner on face D that is white. A corner has three squares of three different colors, the tutorial will call them white, X and Y respectively. (At this point, the white face doesn’t have to be the D face.)
- Rotate the D face until the white/X/Y corner cube is between the X and Y faces. (Remember that the “X face” is the face whose center is the color X.)
- Rotate the whole cube so that the white/X/Y corner is in the DFR position, but don’t care about the exact position of each color on the cube. The center cells of the faces F and R will have the same color as X and Y respectively. Note that the top face is still white.
- At this point, the corner block can be located in three positions as follows:
- If the square is white on the front (in the FRD position), rotate FD F’.
- If the square is white on the right side (in the RFD position), rotate R’ D’ R.
- If the square is white on the underside (in the DFR position), rotate F D2 F’ D’ FD F’.
- Sometimes a corner has a white square on the U (white face) but in the wrong place, so the two other white squares on that marble are not the same color as the center squares on the other two faces. In this case, flip the Rubik’s cube so that it is in the UFR position, then rotate the formula FD F’. The white square will be on the D face and you can return it to the correct position in the manner shown above.
Finish the middle floor
- The color on the D side is the X color.
- The remaining color of the edge is Y.
- Note that this must be an edge. Don’t start with a corner.
- The U and D faces remain the same when flipping the Rubik’s Cube.
- If color Y coincides with the center of face R, rotate FDF’ D’ R’ D’ R.
- If color Y coincides with the center of face L, rotate F’ D’ FDLD L’.
- Select an edge with a yellow square.
- Flip the Rubik’s cube so that the edge is in the FR position. The white side is still on. (Don’t change any faces; we simply flip the whole Rubik’s cube.)
- Use the formula FDF’ D’ R’ D’ R.
- You should have a non-yellow edge on the D face. Go back to the beginning of this section and repeat the instructions for the top edge.
Gold face finishing
- If there are only two gold-sided stones facing each other on the U-face: Rotate the U-face until the two yellow-edged edges are in the UL and UR positions, respectively. Apply BLUL’ U’ B’.
- If there are already two gold edges next to each other at the UF and UR positions (like an arrow pointing to the left and back side): Apply BULU’ L’ B’.
- If none of the edges are yellow: Use either of the above formulas. That recipe will flip the two golden edges to the top. Repeat either formula one more time, depending on the position of the edge pellets.
- If all four sides are present: You are done with the golden cross. Move on to the next step.
- Rotate the U-face until the UFR corner piece is no longer yellow on the top face.
- There are two possibilities for this corner:
- If the corner is yellow on the F face, use the formula FDF’ D’ FDF’ D’.
- If the corner stone is yellow on the R face, use the formula DFD’ F’ DFD’ F’.
- Note: At this point, the Rubik’s Cube will look like it’s been shuffled around. Do not worry. It will return itself to the correct position in the following steps.
Completing the Rubik’s Cube
- If all four edge cubes are the same color as the center cube: rotate them to have the same color and go to “End Rubik’s Cube.”
- If you fail to do the above step: apply R2 D’ R’ L F2 L’ R U2 D R2 and try again.
- Flip the whole Rubik’s cube so that the side of the same color is on the left side.
- Check if the FU tile has the same color as the center cell on the R face:
- If correct, use the formula R2 D’ R’ L F2 L’ R U2 D R2 and move on to the next step. The Rubik’s Cube will be almost complete, only the corners remain.
- If not, rotate U2 and then flip the whole Rubik’s Cube like a sphere so that the F side becomes the R face. Use the formula R2 D’ R’ L F2 L’ R U2 D R2.
- If you already have a corner in the correct position, move on to the next step. If no corner cube is in the correct position, use the formula L2 B2 L’ F’ L B2 L’ F L’. Repeat the formula until one corner is in the correct position.
- Flip the Rubik’s cube so that the correct corner is in the FUR position and the FUR square is the same color as the center square on face F.
- Use the formula L2 B2 L’ F’ L B2 L’ FL’ .
- If the Rubik’s Cube is still unsolved, use the formula L2 B2 L’ F’ L B2 L’ FL’ one more time. You have solved the Rubik’s cube!
Advice
- You can rotate Rubik’s cubes faster by removing them and applying lubricant to the internals, or by filing the Rubik’s inner edges. Silicone oil is the best lubricant. Cooking oil is also good but the smoothness does not last as long.
- Solving will be easier and faster when you no longer remember the formulas in the form of letters and numbers, but rotate the Rubik based on muscle memory. Of course, this ability requires regular practice.
- It will take you at least about 45-60 seconds using this method. After reaching the 1 minute 30 seconds mark, you can start studying the Fridrich method. However, the Fridrich method is more difficult than the solution presented in the previous article. Other methods include Petrus, Roux, and Waterman. ZB is the fastest method but is also exceptionally complex.
- If you have trouble remembering formulas, you should write down specific cases and corresponding formulas. When practicing, be ready to use this category.
Warning
- Repeatedly rotating the Rubik’s Cube can lead to musculoskeletal disorders (eg, Rubik’s Wrist or Thumb Pain).
Things you need
- Rubik’s cube with white face facing gold (some old Rubik’s cubes have a different color arrangement).
This article is co-authored by a team of editors and trained researchers who confirm the accuracy and completeness of the article.
The wikiHow Content Management team carefully monitors the work of editors to ensure that every article is up to a high standard of quality.
This article has been viewed 243,043 times.
This is a beginner’s guide to solving Rubik’s Cubes step by step. This method is quite easy to understand compared to other methods, helping players not have to memorize many steps of Rubik rotation. Practicing the step-by-step method also prepares you to switch to the Fridrich quick solution, which will help you get results in under 20 seconds in competition. With enough patience and determination, you too can conquer Erno’s stubborn Rubik’s Cube. Good luck!
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